Java设计模式篇spring中抽象工厂模式

Spring部分源码

先给出spring中常用的一段代码,典型的工厂模式:

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.FileSystemXmlApplicationContext;

public class App {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		ApplicationContext context = new FileSystemXmlApplicationContext(
				"C:/work/IOC Containers/springframework.applicationcontext/src/main/resources/bean-factory-config.xml");

		HelloApplicationContext obj = (HelloApplicationContext) context.getBean("helloApplicationContext");
		obj.getMsg();
	}
}

在AbstractApplicationContext中,getBean方法实现如下:

@Override
	public Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
		assertBeanFactoryActive();
		return getBeanFactory().getBean(name);
	}

继续跟踪代码进入,spring如何获取bean?

检测beanname是否存在,首先判断map中是否存在该bean,根据beanName-instance映射关系,如果没有,判断是否正在创建,查询另外一个map,如果既不存在也没有正在创建,判断earlySingleton map是否存在,如果也不存在,从map查找bean对应的ObjectFactory,如果factory不为空,getObject获取对象,放入earlySingletonObjects map中,同时factory map移除

	/** Cache of singleton objects: bean name --> bean instance */
	private final Map<String, Object> singletonObjects = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Object>(256);
/** Names of beans that are currently in creation */
	private final Set<String> singletonsCurrentlyInCreation =
			Collections.newSetFromMap(new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Boolean>(16));
/** Cache of early singleton objects: bean name --> bean instance */
	private final Map<String, Object> earlySingletonObjects = new HashMap<String, Object>(16);

什么是earlySingleton?

注册依赖的bean代码:

/** Map between dependent bean names: bean name --> Set of dependent bean names */
	private final Map<String, Set<String>> dependentBeanMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Set<String>>(64);

 

/**
	 * Register a dependent bean for the given bean,
	 * to be destroyed before the given bean is destroyed.
	 * @param beanName the name of the bean
	 * @param dependentBeanName the name of the dependent bean
	 */
	public void registerDependentBean(String beanName, String dependentBeanName) {
		// A quick check for an existing entry upfront, avoiding synchronization...
		String canonicalName = canonicalName(beanName);
		Set<String> dependentBeans = this.dependentBeanMap.get(canonicalName);
		if (dependentBeans != null && dependentBeans.contains(dependentBeanName)) {
			return;
		}

		// No entry yet -> fully synchronized manipulation of the dependentBeans Set
		synchronized (this.dependentBeanMap) {
			dependentBeans = this.dependentBeanMap.get(canonicalName);
			if (dependentBeans == null) {
				dependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<String>(8);
				this.dependentBeanMap.put(canonicalName, dependentBeans);
			}
			dependentBeans.add(dependentBeanName);
		}
		synchronized (this.dependenciesForBeanMap) {
			Set<String> dependenciesForBean = this.dependenciesForBeanMap.get(dependentBeanName);
			if (dependenciesForBean == null) {
				dependenciesForBean = new LinkedHashSet<String>(8);
				this.dependenciesForBeanMap.put(dependentBeanName, dependenciesForBean);
			}
			dependenciesForBean.add(canonicalName);
		}
	}
	protected Object getSingleton(String beanName, boolean allowEarlyReference) {
		Object singletonObject = this.singletonObjects.get(beanName);
		if (singletonObject == null && isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
			synchronized (this.singletonObjects) {
				singletonObject = this.earlySingletonObjects.get(beanName);
				if (singletonObject == null && allowEarlyReference) {
					ObjectFactory<?> singletonFactory = this.singletonFactories.get(beanName);
					if (singletonFactory != null) {
						singletonObject = singletonFactory.getObject();
						this.earlySingletonObjects.put(beanName, singletonObject);
						this.singletonFactories.remove(beanName);
					}
				}
			}
		}
		return (singletonObject != NULL_OBJECT ? singletonObject : null);
	}

抽象工厂实例

参考:

https://www.cnblogs.com/134ylx/p/ylx_AbstractFactory.html

我的实例

抽象工厂横向扩张增加类型需要修改工厂类,但是纵向扩张容易。

应用界面:

 

但是我可以数据库配置银行以及信用卡,贷款之间的关系,根本不需要该代码。

 

 

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